File Formats

JPEG

These files are quickly compressed and often lose the quality and detail of the photo

TIFF

These are usually uncompressed and gives you the opportunity to process it even further

RAW

The quality in the image will be there and its the best option for professional photographers

DNG

You can process with Lightroom and photoshop, this is also a safer choice in the end

PNG

Has good image quality, it can maintain transparency

GIF

They are small file sizes and make it easy to post, also include animation.

BMP

Can be used to print and still have high quality

PSD

You can manipulate the image very much on different layers.

Surrealism – Salvador Dali

See the source image

This photo is by Jerry Uelsmann. I personally find this photo very interesting. I think it looks cool and it gives off that scary spooky feeling. On top of that the fact that the image of the person in front of the house is someone’s had add on the scariness of the image. I think it’s done really well. I think that Uelsmann is trying to convey a message in the form of like a ghost story or myth and I like that. Personally I would’ve add something to the background instead of it being all back but overall I think it looks good.

Camera Modes

Automatic Mode:

With some cameras auto mode lets you override flash or change it to red eye reduction. your camera any extra information about the type of shot you’re taking so it will be ‘guessing’ as to what you want.

Portrait Mode:

When you switch to Portrait Mode your camera will select a large aperture. This helps keep your background out of focus

Macro Mode:

Macro mode lets you get close to your object for a close up picture. This is great for taking shots of flowers, incest, and more small objects

Landscape Mode:

Landscape mode is the opposite of portrait mode as it will give you a small aperture. It also allows for a large depth of field

Sports Mode:

Sports mode is also known as action mode because it captures moving objects. The way it work is it increased the shutter speed which freezes the action

Night Mode:

Night mode is a technique also called ‘slow shutter sync’. It is used for low light situations

Movie Mode:

Movie mode extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones. extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones.

Aperture Priority Mode:

In this mode you are allowed to choose the aperture and the other setting are automatically set. I is useful for controlling the depth of field

Shutter Priority Mode:

Similar to aperture mode where you chose the shutter speed but the other settings are automatically set.  It is useful to try and capture moving objects

Program: Mode:

Program mode is similar to Auto but gives you a little more control over some other features including flash, white balance, ISO etc. Some digital cameras have this priority mode in addition to auto mode

Manual Mode:

In manual mode you control everything, ISO, SS, AP, etc. Therefore it allows you to take pictures how you want to.

Depth of Field Explained

Depth of Field is the distance between the nearest and the farthest object. The depth of field can be change in multiple ways. The main ways is by changing the aperture on your camera. The larger the aperture the more shallow your depth is. The smaller your aperture the deeper the depth of field is.

Another way to control your depth of field by changing your distances. The distance between the foreground and the background does matter but the distance between you and your object also helps. These two things can help out with getting the right depth of field you want.

13 Every Photographer Should Know

1. Know how to set exposure with the histogram

2. Know that taking pictures in RAW format will allow full access to your camera’s full capability

3.Know that changing the AF will improve focus and accuracy and reduce the chances of missing important shots

4.Know how to use all AF modes because they all have different uses

5.Know that having complete control over aperture means control over depth of field

6. Know that complete control over priority can be used to catch fast objects and useful for low light situations

7.Know that motion blur often comes from the shutter speed

8.Know to set white balance manually, according to each lighting situations

9.Know the three different drive modes.(Single shot, continuous low, continuous high)

10.Know how to set is ISO to the correct value depending on the lighting conditions

11.Know that auto-ISO will increase or decrease in order to allow to shoot with  the value of the shutter speed

12.Know that the +/- scale will tell your camera to increase or decrease exposure.

13.Know how to use your camera’s full manual control setting.

Texture

AP: 1.7
ISO: 160
S: 1/60 

AP:1.7
ISO:160
S:1/60

AP:1.7
ISO:32
S: 1/34

There a a few reasons I like this picture. I see this design more and more now with more modern buildings. I like this photo because it feels like you can touch the wall even though it is a picture. I also like the blue and white kind of color pattern is has to. I just think it is a good picture.
I think this photo was successful because it gives the photo texture even though it is just flat. I think the design catches people’s attention because of the color and pattern it has going on. It is also a design most people see nowadays so it is recognizable. I think it’s a solid photo